Tuesday, November 8, 2011

What Is Diabetes Mellitus | Healthy Live Tips

Diabetes mellitus (DM) diabaínein derived from the Greek word, meaning "translucent" or "shower", and from the Latin word mellitus means "sweet taste". In Indonesia (and the Malay-speaking countries) better known as diabetes.

Diabetes Mellitus is a disease characterized by elevated levels of blood sugar (hyperglycemia) constant and varied, especially after eating. Other sources mention that the reference to diabetes mellitus is a state of chronic hyperglycemia accompanied by metabolic disorders due to hormonal disturbances, which cause a variety of chronic complications of the eyes, kidneys, and blood vessels, accompanied by lesions on the basement membrane in the examination by electron microscopy.

All types of diabetes mellitus have similar symptoms and complications at advanced level. Hyperglycemia itself can lead to dehydration and ketoacidosis. Long-term complications include cardiovascular disease (double risk), chronic renal failure (major cause of dialysis), retinal damage which can cause blindness, and nerve damage that can cause impotence and gangrene with risk of amputation. More serious complications are more common when poor control of blood sugar levels.

To understand diabetes, it is important to first understand the normal process of food metabolism. Several things happen when food is digested:

So-called sugar or glucose into the bloodstream. Glokosa is the primary fuel source for the body.
Organ called the pancreas to produce insulin. The role of insulin is to transport glucose from the blood into muscle, fat, and liver cells, diamana kana is used as fuel.
People with diabetes have high blood sugar levels. This is because the pancreas can not produce insulin or muscle, fat and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally. Or both.

An analogy that illustrates this quite fitting given by Mistra in his 3 Kick Against Diabetes Mellitus. Mistra analogize the hormone insulin as a city driver angkutam general. If the mass strike urban transport drivers, people would gather on the road waiting for transport services. The people (passengers) is likened to a sugar in the blood. If hormoninsulin no or few in number then the sugar contained in drah can not be transported so that spread throughout the blood vessels.

In general, the intake of sugar in the blood is stored in the liver. Here is processed into glycogen. If the body requires, the liver will issue and process back into glucose. For people normail, no matter how much sugar consumption does not interfere with the body's organs.
However, not so for diabetics. If urination, water is a bit thick and tastes sweet. This is because the amount of sugar in the blood. Sugar is cleaned and collected in the bladder by the kidneys.

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